Random bits of Philippine History

NEWS, PRINTS, PHOTOS ETC

Ang Katagalugan

YEAR:

1896

King:

Alfonso XIII de Espana

GOBERNADOR HENERAL:

Ramon Blanco

TERMINO:

Gobernador Heneral 1893 – 1896

OFFICE:

Malacanang Palace

GOVERNMENT:

Real Audiencia de Manila


TOPIC:

Katipunan Initiation and Ancient Filipinos

Manga tanong sa manga may nais maging Catipon:

Sa ibabaw ng dulang na munti o mesita na siya ang pinakaaltar bukod sa may tintero’t, pluma at  papel na doon ay nakalagay na gayon ang mga nasasabi

(Upon the small table or desk, which is the high altar, there is a pen, ink, and paper on which is written the following: )

Ano ang kalagayan nitong ating lupa noong uala pa ang mga Kastila?

(What was the condition of this land of ours when the Spaniards were not yet here?)

——————–———–

¿Paano ang mga pasunuran ng mga tao baga mat di pa sila binyagan noon?

(How did the people become subordinated when they were not yet baptised at that time?)

——————-————

Ano ang lagay nitong Sangkapuluang Filipinas ngayo’t, nasa kapangyarihan ng mga Kastila ?

(What is the condition of these Philippine Islands now, under the rule of the Spaniards?)

——————————

¿Paano ngayon ang pagpapasunuran ng mga tagalog sa kapua tagalog?

( How should the Tagalogs now follow their fellow-Tagalogs?)

—————————— 

Paano naman ang pagsunod ng tagalog sa mga Kastila?

(And how should the Tagalogs follow the Spaniards?)

——————————

Kung sakalit maalis sa mga Kastila itong Filipinas at mapa sa pamamahala ng tagalog na siyang tunay na may are, ¿ano kaya ang maguiguing kalagayan?

(If it happened that the Spaniards departed from the Philippines and the Tagalogs came to govern the land that is truly theirs, what would be their condition?)

—————————-

¿Mag-iringan po kaya ang mga tagalog kung sila ang may boong kapangyarihan sa tunay at sarili niyang pagaare?

(Would the Tagalogs be hostile if they governed the land that is truly their own?)

The initiate was expected to answer to the first question to the effect that  the Filipinos had their own civilization before the Spaniards arrived.   They had artillery; wore clothes of silk; wore jewelries of Gold, enjoyed political liberty; maintained diplomatic and commercial relations with their Asian neighbours; and had their own religion and alphabet.   To the second question, the answer should affirm that the Spaniards, specifically the friars, had done nothing to advance the civilization of the Filipinos; indeed they saw civilization and enlightenment as incompatible with their own interests.  They taught the catechism, but offered the people no spiritual depth.   They lavishly celebrated religious festivals, but expected the people to bear the cost.    They abused their power and privileges; they were oppressors.  To the third question, about the future, the initiate should confidently predict that with faith, courage and perseverance all the country’s evils would be overcome


—————————

Illustrations of Pre-Colonial Filipinos from the Boxer Codex ( notice the Gold accessories)

Datu Lakandula

An example of a ceremonial sash worn by pre-colonial Filipinos.


NOTES:

  • Spain lost most of its colonies under King Alfonso XIII to America
  • It was assumed that the term “Katagaluan” not only pertained to the Tagalogs but mean those who are born in the Archipelago  (Sa salitáng tagalog katutura’y ang lahát nang tumubo sa Sangkapuluáng itó; sa makatuid, bisaya man, iloko man, kapangpangan man, etc., ay tagalog din.
  • Gobernador General Ramon Blanco was one of the last few Governor Generals under Spain to govern the Philippines.
  • The Surigao Treasure contains artifacts of the Gold Jewelry worn by Ancient Filipnos and is currently on display at the Ayala Museum.
  • For more information on the Boxer Codex:  http://webapp1.dlib.indiana.edu/metsnav/common/navigate.do?oid=VAB8326
  • For more information on the Katipunan: http://kasaysayan-kkk.info/ 

American Manila

YEAR:

1934

PRESIDENT:

Franklin D Roosevelt

GOVERNOR GENERAL:

Frank Murphy

TERM:

Governor General  1933 –  1935

OFFICE:

Malacanang Palace

GOVERNMENT:

COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES

EVENT:

American Manila

PHOTOS:

Above: Rizal Football Stadium

Above: Manila Polo Club


Above: Tram Ticket

NOTES:

  • Gov. Frank Murphy was the last American Governor General.
  • The position for the President of the Commonwealth was created the following year.
  • The Rizal Football Field is now the RMSC and yes it’s that old.
  • The Manila Polo Club is still maintains its exclusive membership to the upper elite.
  • Most of these building were destroyed during WW2.
  • Manila City was planned and its buildings laid out according to the Burnham Plan.
  • The plan was abandoned shortly after Pres. Manuel Quezon took over. 
  • It would appear, in my opinion, that the Philippine legislature, at that time, conducted several studies on which projects to re-allocate the funds.
  • I’m sure the Americans conducted a more extensive study on the planning of the city and if they could have had their way, Manila would look like any American city today.

New York State Fair

YEAR:

1907

PRESIDENT:

Theodore Roosevelt

GOVERNOR GENERAL:

James Francis Smith

TERM:

Governor General 1906-1909

OFFICE:

Malacanang Palace

GOVERNMENT:

COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES

EVENT:

1907 New York State Fair 

Syracuse, NY

PHOTOS:

State Fair Facade

PHILIPPINE BOOTH:

(Philippine Village)

NOTES:

  • There was no mention on which tribes these people, on display, belonged to.
  • No records were found on how they got there and what happened to them after the State Fair ended.
  • The Philippine Assembly and The Philippine Commission was established during this period later known as the House of Representatives

Bilbid Prison


YEAR:

1916

PRESIDENT:

Woodrow Wilson

GOVERNOR GENERAL:

Francis Burton Harrison

TERM:

Governor General 1913 to 1921

OFFICE:

GOVERNMENT:

COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES

EVENT:

From Carcel y Presidio Correccional to (Old) Bilibid Prison

PHOTOS:

EXERCISE YARD

KITCHEN

GARAGE

LAUNDRY

RATTAN CHAIR MAKING

SHOWROOM

SALES OFFICE

NOTES:

  • Established on June 25, 1865 under a Spanish royal decree as Carcel y Presidio Correccional 
  • Managed by U.S. Department of Justice under the Commonwealth.
  • The U.S. Bureau of Prisons was established in 1930 and later took over the management of Bilibid.
  • The current Philippine Bureau of Corrections is a continuation of the Bureau of Prisons.
  • Noted that majority of Philippine Government offices were established under the Commonwealth Government, most of them later maintained but renamed after gaining independence.
  • Most of these government offices are active to date.
  • Not to be confused with the New Bilibid Prison in Muntinlupa.
  • This Prison is now called The Manila City Jail.

Treaty of Manila

YEAR:

1946

PRESIDENT:

MANUEL ROXAS

TERM:

May 28, 1946 – April 15, 1948

OFFICE:

GOVERNMENT:

COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES

&

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES



EVENT:

PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE

FROM

THE

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA


PHOTOS:

PHILIPPINE LEGISLATIVE COMMITTEE IN WASHINGTON, DC

(left to right: Prof. Maximo Kalaw, Commisioner Pedro Guevara, Represevtative Milanio Tirona; Sergio Osmena; Sec. Hurley; Manuel Roxas; Pedro Sabido; Commissioner C. Osias and M. P. Lichauco, Representative of the Commission.)

The first Republic of the Philippines

TOP:

Ceremony in front of the Post Office in Manila as the US ARMY turned over the Philippine Army and US Equipment to the Republic

NOTES:

GRANDSON OF MANUEL ROXAS,

AND WIFE.

Nice House.


WAR DAMAGE BILL

YEAR:

1960

PRESIDENT:

Diosdado Macapagal

(on the bridge of USS Oklahoma City)

TERM:

December 30, 1961 – December 30, 1965

OFFICE:

GOVERNMENT:

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES (SOVEREIGN)

EVENT:

WAR DAMAGE BILL SIGNED BY JFK (USA)

PHOTOS:

President John F. Kennedy passes the pen to

Philippines Senator Rogelio de la Rosa

during their signing into law of the

$73 million Philippines War Damage Bill.

NOTES:

  • $400 Million + $73 Million appropriated funds to repair the damages during WWII
  • Senator de la Rosa started the Actor turned Statesman movement.
  • Can’t go wrong with that touch of grey!
  • The War Damage Bill was initially denied by the House of Representatives.
  • A notable response from Pres. Macapagal was when he declined an invitation from Pres. Kennedy to meet in Washington, DC after the bill was denied.
  • Interestingly enough the Pres Macapagal’s response was accompanied by this statement:”It seems the United States treast her friends more shabbily that those who are not with her” (Drama!)
  • I wonder if the old Paco Train station was in this budget.  There are too many buildings that remain in ruins to date. I’m sure $473 M would have been more than enough to repair them at that time.